Physical therapist, or PT, is one of the allied healthcare professions that, through the application of evidence-based physical therapy, medical diagnosis, exercise prescription, mobilization, electrical stimulation, and rehabilitation, promotes general health and wellness. Physical Therapy is defined as the science of educating, treating, and rehabilitating patients to promote the optimum function of muscles and tissues. A PT may focus on the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and other connective tissue, or the neurological system, which includes spinal reflexes and nervous system pathways, motor skills, cognitive skills, and other sensory and cognitive processing functions.
Physical therapists are responsible for the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders, such as orthopedic injuries, musculoskeletal diseases, psychiatric disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and traumatic brain injuries. A PT usually uses specific therapeutic exercises and techniques in order to strengthen, rehabilitate the musculoskeletal system, increase range of motion, and decrease muscle tension. Specific therapies for every individual patient require the expertise and specialized training of a qualified PT. The PT must also have adequate knowledge and experience of the medical terminology used in the field of physiotherapy.
The core skill of a physical therapist is the ability to use his or her hands and feet to perform therapeutic exercises and movements. This skill sets the PT apart from other healthcare professionals. PTs need to know how to apply pain management devices, such as splints and traction. They should be able to perform exercises and movements that are safe and effective. The physical therapist needs to be aware of the various conditions, injuries and illnesses that can affect the musculoskeletal system. The PT also needs to have a thorough understanding of the medical terminology used in the fields of medicine and medical science in order to provide effective communication to his or her clients.
A PT has a very important role to play in the rehabilitation of patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. The physical therapist is also responsible for making sure that the patient is physically ready to participate in rehabilitation. PTs also help the patient with the use of his or her body movements during the rehabilitation process and are responsible for the maintenance of post-rehabilitation movements. after the patient has fully recovered from a traumatic injury. PTs are also responsible for ensuring that their patients are healthy and able to participate in activities of daily living tasks for at home, at work and at school.
In the United States, it is recommended that only licensed PTs, or registered nurses (RNs) complete a four-year program in Physical Therapy in a hospital accredited program. It is also recommended that the program provides an overview of anatomy, rehabilitation and physiology. After the completion of a program, a physical therapist can be certified through the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) by successfully completing a national examination.
In order to become a PT, there are two routes available: on the job training and on the internet. On the internet, the student may complete a certificate course. This certificate course is the first step towards a Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy (BSPT).